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This page, home to Softhard Solutions Australia Ideas for Automobiles (car history, fuels, engines etc.), and its child pages are provided by Softhard Solutions Australia for our Auto Repair Shop Business users of our ShopMate Business Accounting Database Software and visitors.

If your Small to Medium Business is in the Auto Repair Shop sector or you may be visiting here because you are just interested in vehicles, you may find the information on cars, transport, history of cars and other auto-mobiles, kinds of automotive fuel and other aspects of Automotive transport industry you may be looking for here and the related pages.

While you are searching up on the Ideas for Automobiles here, if you happen to need Automotive Business Accounting Software for starting your new or existing automotive or any other business, at least you have found the Best Business Accounting Database Software in your search and is offered right here on our website.

While automotive transport has many economic and social benefits, the sector faces many challenges to maintain a sustainable future.

The automotive sector faces many challenges
The automotive transport sector faces many challenges to maintain a sustainable future.

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Don't you just love to look at these old cars? It seams that people, when they look at these old cars, get nostalgic about the good old days, when everything was nice and easy and slow and things we take for granted today did not even exist.

But was it so easy for the inventors of these cars? Read on and find out. Just remember, the tools available today were not available to the inventors.

Think how easy it is today to get tools needed for what ever business reason. But those days?

Karl Benz's Velo model (1894)
Karl Benz's "Velo" model (1894) - entered into an early automobile race.

May be they'd decided to go into a new business of making cars without a thought of installing a car radio.

An automobile (via French from Greek auto, self and Latin mobilis moving, a vehicle that moves itself rather than being moved by another vehicle or animal) or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor.

Most definitions of the term specify that automobiles are designed to run primarily on roads, to have seating for one to eight people, to typically have four wheels, and to be constructed principally for the transport of people rather than goods. However, the term is far from precise because there are many types of vehicles that do similar tasks.

There were 590 million passenger cars worldwide (roughly one car for every eleven people) as of 2002.


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Early Car History

Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot
(26 February 1725 – 2 October 1804) was a French inventor. Cugnot is recognized as building the first self-propelled vehicle to transport man.

Cugnot was at the time an engineer in the French Army. He is believed to have built the first self-propelled mechanical vehicle or automobile.

Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot's Fardier de Cugnot
Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot's Fardier de Cugnot, model of 1771.

But this claim is disputed by some sources, however, which suggest that Ferdinand Verbiest, as a member of a Jesuit mission in China, may have been the first to build a 'car' around 1672.

Cugnot was one of the first to successfully employ a device for converting the reciprocating motion of a steam piston into rotary motion by means of a ratchet arrangement. A small version of his three-wheeled fardier à vapeur ran in 1769. (A fardier was a massively built two-wheeled horse-drawn cart for transporting very heavy equipment such as cannon barrels).

Karl Friedrich Benz
(November 25, 1844, Karlsruhe, Germany – April 4, 1929, Ladenburg, Germany), for whom an alternate French spelling of Carl is used occasionally, was a German engine designer and automobile engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the petrol-powered automobile.

Other German contemporaries, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach, also worked independently on the same type of invention.

But Benz patented his work first and, after that, patented all of the processes that made the internal combustion engine feasible for use in automobiles. In 1879 Benz was granted a patent for his first engine, which he designed in 1878.

Karl Friedrich Benz
Karl Friedrich Benz

An automobile powered by an Otto petrol engine was built in Mannheim, Germany by Karl Benz in 1885 and granted a patent in January of the following year under the auspices of his major company, Benz & Cie., which was founded in 1883. Although several other German engineers (including Gottlieb Daimler, Wilhelm Maybach, and Siegfried Marcus) were working on the problem at about the same time, Karl Benz is generally acknowledged as the inventor of the modern automobile. In 1879 Benz was granted a patent for his first engine, designed in 1878. Many of his other inventions made the use of the internal combustion engine feasible for powering a vehicle and in 1896, Benz designed and patented the first internal combustion flat engine.

Approximately 25, Benz vehicles were built and sold before 1893, when his first four-wheeler was introduced. They were powered with four-stroke engines of his own design.

Emile Roger of France, already producing Benz engines under license, now added the Benz automobile to his line of products. Because France was more open to the early automobiles, more were built and sold in France through Roger than Benz sold in Germany.

Daimler and Maybach founded Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (Daimler Motor Company, DMG) in Cannstatt in 1890 and under the brand name, Daimler, sold their first automobile in 1892.

Replica of the Karl Benz Patent Motorwagen
Replica of the Karl Benz Patent Motorwagen from 1886, which is widely recognized as the first petrol engine.

By 1895 about 30 vehicles had been built by Daimler and Maybach, either at the Daimler works or in the Hotel Hermann, where they set up shop after falling out with their backers. Benz and Daimler seem to have been unaware of each other's early work and worked independently.


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Automotive Transport

The automotive transport sector faces many challenges today to maintain a sustainable future and changes in infrastructure.

Automotive transport ranges from passenger cars, motorcycles and utility vehicles, through to trucks and buses and the extensive networks of road.

It is important that the automotive transport sector addresses the important issues facing automotive transport with active programs in environmental sustainability and new materials through to virtual design and manufacturing systems.

Research must be undertaken across a wide range of areas such as achieving improved fuel economy and lower emissions through innovations in hybrid vehicle technology.

The governments must provide solutions for both industry and the transport supply network.


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Future Challenges

While automotive transport has economic and social benefits, the sector faces many challenges to maintain a sustainable future.

These challenges include addressing of following:

  • Environmental concerns:
    • Fuel efficiency

    • Greenhouse gas emissions

    • Material recycling and re-use

    • Noise pollution

    • Traffic congestion

    • Water and soil quality due to contaminated road run-off

  • Road safety:
    • Safer road infrastructure

    • Safer vehicles

  • Competitiveness:
    • The ability to defend and/or gain market share in the global automotive industry.

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Automotive Solutions

Improved auto fuel economy and lower emissions is being achieved through innovations in hybrid vehicle technology.

Automotive transport must provide solutions for both industry and the supply network.
These solutions may include the following:

  • Automatic imaging technologies to survey road infrastructure

  • Design, development and prototyping of hybrid electric vehicles

  • Design and development of hydrogen powered fuel cells for transport applications

  • New coatings and ceramics, to create further weight improvements and car-part durability

  • New and improved casting and joining technologies

  • Systems to assist transport authorities improve road safety by monitoring vehicles on roads and highways

  • Use of light metals, such as aluminum, magnesium and titanium, in automotive production

  • New materials, including polymers, hybrid and composite materials, to create lighter, more energy-efficient vehicles

  • Virtual design and supply chains to improve vehicle design and streamline manufacturing processes.

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Business Tips

Some tips on how to avoid business failure:

  • Don't underestimate the capital you need to start up the business.

  • Understand and keep control of your finances - income earned is not the same as cash in hand.

  • More volume does not automatically mean more profit - you need to get your pricing right.

  • Make sure you have good software for your business, software that provides you with a good reporting picture of all aspects of your business operations.

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